Lido's liquid staking service allows users to tap into the benefits of staking rewards without compromising their tokens' liquidity. Lido aims to empower users to put their staked assets to use, supporting a number of PoS cryptocurrencies. The platform offers a liquid staking solution that provides users with a system that allows them to earn rewards on staked coins while also receiving a tokenized version of the staked coins which can generate returns in other DeFi protocols.
What is Lido (LDO)?
Lido DAO is an innovative decentralized autonomous organization that offers a liquid staking solution on the Ethereum 2.0 blockchain as well as other Proof of Stake (PoS) platforms like Solana (SOL), Polygon (MATIC), Polkadot (DOT), and Kusama (KSM).
By initially locking up assets, Lido DAO allows users to liquefy their holdings and use them for other protocols - what we call 'liquid staking'. Through this yield-generating process, users are able to receive a tokenized version of their staked tokens on a 1:1 basis when depositing their crypto tokens into the network, which can then be used to participate in other DeFi on-chain activities to gain additional yields.
Since its establishment in December 2020, shortly after ETH 2.0's release, the platform has been overseen by the Lido DAO, with several key members including P2P Capital, KR1 and Semantic Ventures.
Since then, Lido DAO has gained an impressive reputation for its liquid staking capabilities, and now boasts over $13 billion in staked assets. Its core focus is on Ethereum, yet its horizons are expanding to other blockchain networks including Terra and Solana, both of which launched staking capabilities in 2021, as well as several other layer 1 PoS blockchains.
Lido DAO stands apart from other liquid staking protocols due to its decentralized nature and attractive annual percentage rates (APR). The platform offers 4.8%, 8.1% and 6.6% APR for staking Ethereum, Terra and Solana respectively.
Who created the Lido DAO platform?
Lido was co-founded by Kasper Rasmussen and Jordan Fish, also known as CryptoCobain. Behind the Lido DAO are a number of individuals and organizations that are well-regarded within the DeFi space.
Lido DAO members include Semantic VC, Chorus, ParaFi Capital, P2P Capital, Libertus Capital, Terra, StakeFish, Bitscale Capital, StakingFacilities, and KR1. Several of the highly esteemed angel investors include Stani Kulechov of Aave, Banteg of Yearn, Will Harborne of Deversifi, Julien Bouteloup from Stake Capital and Kain Warwick from Synthetix.
How does the Lido Protocol work?
Liquid staking services through the Lido protocol allow users to earn block rewards from staking PoS assets while addressing issues like illiquidity, complexity, and centralization. Lido DAO offers an innovative solution that allows users to gain access to the typically locked-up tokens and lowers the barrier to entry and costs associated with staking requirements.
When staking tokens on the Lido DAO platform, users tap into a staking pool smart contract that stakes the tokens on the relevant PoS blockchain. Users will also receive a digitized version of their deposited funds (stAsset tokens), that can be used to bring in rewards from not just the original protocol but also other DeFi protocols and decentralized applications (dapps), like lending and yield farming. This allows users to maximize their earnings potential.
The staking pool smart contract manages the users' deposits and withdrawals, determines the staking reward fees, delegates funds to node operators, and mints and burns tokens as needed.
How tokens can be used
Let's look at ETH for example. With Lido staking, users are rewarded with 1:1 stETH tokens that represent their deposited ETH. Users can use their stETH balance just like regular ETH to earn staking rewards in real-time, updated on a daily basis. There are no lock-ups or minimum deposits when using Lido.
Lido DAO's liquid staking protocol involves three distinctive processes: staking, minting and DeFi.
Users can choose any amount of ETH to stake, which is then deposited onto the platform.
In return for the staked ETH, Lido issues on a 1:1 ratio minted or Lido-native liquid representatives of ERC-20 coin (stETH).
Users can make use of these stETH tokens across the DeFi ecosystem to earn greater yields bypassing the need to "lock up" staked coins.
With the Lido DAO platform, users can stake any amount of ETH to the Beacon Chain without having to comply with typical lock-up requirements. For providing this staked ETH service, a 10% fee is collected by Lido for each process.
How validator rewards are earned from staked assets
Validator rewards can be earned through staked PoS tokens on the platform. In order to stake ETH, become a validator and earn rewards for validating payments on the Ethereum platform, users are required to stake a minimum of 32 ETH tokens. To bypass this minimum requirement and still earn rewards, Lido allows users to stake a fraction of this amount and earn a proportionate amount of block rewards.
Users will then deposit ETH into the Lido smart contract and receive the same number of stETH (an ERC-20 token representing the deposited ETH). These tokens are minted once the funds have been received and are burned when the users withdraw their original ETH. The staked funds will then be distributed to the multiple validators (node operators) on the Lido network and deposited into the Ethereum Beacon Chain from where they will be secured in a smart contract (and inaccessible).
The Lido DAO will then assign, onboard, support and enter the validators' addresses to the smart contract registry before being given a set of keys for the validation. All ETH that users have deposited on the Lido platform will be split into groups of 32 ETH among the active Lido node operators who will use this public validation key to validate transactions. The block rewards will then be shared proportionately.
This distribution process of sharing staked assets eliminates single-point-of-failure risks common among single-validator staking.
What is LDO?
The Lido DAO token (LDO) is an ERC-20 token, the native utility token to the Lido protocol used to reward users. The token has a total supply of 1 billion tokens and serves three primary functions.
The LDO token grants holders with governance rights in the operations of the Lido DAO, as well as the removal or addition of Lido node operators and helping with the management of fee parameters and distribution.
The more LDO coins a user holds, the more powerful their vote.
How can I buy the Lido DAO token and earn staking rewards?
If you're looking to expand your digital currencies portfolio, Lido tokens can be a great addition. The Tap app provides an easy and secure way for anyone with an account to add these tokens to their portfolios in no time, making it one of the most effortless trading experiences around.
Utilize the Tap app to access the Lido ecosystem by purchasing LDO tokens with either crypto or fiat currencies. Users can then choose to store their LDO tokens securely in the integrated crypto wallet or transfer them to the Lido platform and engage in the platform's earning potential. All you need to do to get started is download the app and create an account.
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